What is Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a cancer that develops from immature nerve cells found in several areas of the body.

Neuroblastoma most commonly arises in and around the adrenal glands, which have similar origins to nerve cells and sit atop the kidneys. However, neuroblastoma can also develop in other areas of the abdomen and in the chest, neck and near the spine, where groups of nerve cells exist.

Neuroblastoma most commonly affects children age 5 or younger, though it may rarely occur in older children.

Some forms of neuroblastoma go away on their own, while others may require multiple treatments. Your child's neuroblastoma treatment options will depend on several factors.

University of Chicago


Neuroblastoma is a solid, cancerous tumor that begins in the sympathetic nervous system. This type of tumor often is found in the abdomen, but can also be located in the neck, chest and/or pelvis. Most children with neuroblastoma are diagnosed before the age of five.

The Neuroblastoma Program at the University of Chicago Medicine Comer Children's Hospital is led by Susan Cohn, MD, one of the nation's foremost authorities on neuroblastoma. Under Dr. Cohn's leadership, a team of pediatric cancer experts provides comprehensive diagnoses and a wide range of advanced treatment options.

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